Prof. Michal Gal

מיכל גל

Prof. Michal Gal’s SSRN page

CV CV

Winner of the Jerry S. Cohen Medal for Best Article in Antitrust written in 2017, for Michal S. Gal and Alan Miller, “Patent Challenge Clauses: A new Antitrust Offense”? 92 Iowa L. Rev.(2016)

Prof. Gal (LL.B., LL.M., S.J.D.) is Professor and Director of the Forum on Law and Markets at the Faculty of Law, Haifa University, Israel. She held research and visiting positions at NYU, Columbia, Georgetown, Melbourne, SciencesPo and Lisbon. Prof. Gal is the author of several books, including Competition Policy for Small Market Economies (Harvard University Press, 2003). She published numerous scholarly articles on competition law issues and has won prizes for her research and for her teaching. Inter alia, she was chosen as one of the ten most promising young legal scholars in Israel (Globes, 2007) and as one of the leading women in competition law around the world (Global Competition Review, 2013). Her paper (co-authored with Alan Miller) “Patent Challenge: A new Antitrust Offense?”, won the Jerry S. Cohen Memorial Fund Antitrust Writing Award for best paper in 2017. She also won twice the Antitrust Writings Award for papers in the categories of merger policy and monopolies. Prof. Gal served as a consultant to several international organizations (including OECD, UNCTAD) on issues of competition law in small and developing economies and is a non-governmental advisor of the International Competition Network (ICN). She also advised several small economies on the framing of their competition laws. She is a board member of several international antitrust organizations, including the American Antitrust Institute (AAI), The Antitrust Consumer Institute, and the Asian Competition Law and Economics Center (ACLEC). She is the incoming President of the international Academic Society for Competition Law (ASCOLA). ​

  • J.S.D.- (Alan Marks Medal for best graduate thesis) May 2000, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto.
  • LL.M.- (Alan Marks Medal for best graduate thesis) August 1996, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
  • Law Clerk, Supreme Court of the State of Israel
  • LL.B.- (Magna Cum Laude), June 1993: Faculty of Law, Tel-Aviv University.​

Academic Ranks

  • Full Professor, Faculty of law, University of Haifa (2011-present)
  • Associate Dean Faculty of law, University of Haifa (2009-2012)
  • Associate Professor, Faculty of law, University of Haifa (2007-2011)
  • Director of Advanced Studies, Faculty of law, University of Haifa (2009-2012)
  • Director, Forum of Law and Markets, Faculty of law, University of Haifa (2008- present)
  • Assistant Professor, Faculty of law, University of Haifa (2002-2006)
  • Abroad​
  • NYU, Global Hauser Visiting Professor  (2006, 2007, NYU@NUS 2010NYU@NUS 2012)
  • National University of Singapore, Distinguished Visitor (2010, 2012)
  • University of Melbourne, Visiting Professor (2009, 2015)
  • Catholic University of Lisbon, Portugal, Visiting Professor (2009, 2016)​
  • Georgetown University, Dean’s Visiting Professor (2007-8)
  • Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn, Germany, Visiting Scholar (2006).
  • Sciences Po (Paris) Visiting Researcher (2015).
  • Columbia University, Visiting Professor (2016), Research Scholar (1998-2000).

Membership in  Scholarly or Professional Organizations

Fields of Intrests

  • Competition law and Policy, Antitrust Law
  • Law and Economics
  • Economic Regulation
  • International Trade
  • Intellectual property
  • Corporations

 Additional Professional Milestones

  • 2017 Winner of the Jerry S. Cohen Memorial Fund Writing Award for best paper in 2017, for the paper “Patent Challenge Clauses: A new Antitrust Offense?” (co-authored with Alan Miller). The award is given by the American Antitrust Institute
  • 2016 Winner of the  Jerry S. Cohen Memorial Fund Writing Award for best paper in 2016 on Antitrust in Platform Markets, for the paper “The Hidden Costs of Free Goods: Implications for Antitrust Enforcement,” (co-authored with Dan Rubinfeld).
  • 2016 Antitrust Awards Winner, best article on unilateral conduct for 2016, for “Access Barriers to Big Data” (co-authored with Dan Rubinfeld).
  • 2014 ​ Paper titled “Merger Policy for Small and Micro Economies” chosen by the  Antitrust Writing Awards Steering Committee as best paper written in 2013 on mergers and acquisitions. Competition organized by George Washington University and the Concurrences journal.​
  • May 2010 Chosen by the Antitrust & Competition Policy Blog as one of the “Best of the Best: Top Female Antitrust and Economics Law Professors”
  • May 2009 Chosen by the Global Competition Review as one of the leading “Women in Antitrust” worldwide
  • 2007 Chosen by Globes as one of ten young promising legal researchers in Israel, based on a survey of leading Israeli legal scholars.
  • 2004 Winner of the Zeltner Prize for Young Researcher
  • 1999/2000 Alan Marks Medal for best thesis submitted in 1999/2000, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
  • 1995/6 Alan Marks Medal for best thesis submitted in 1995/6, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
  • March 1992-November 1992: Law Clerk, Supreme Court of the State of Israel, The Honorable Justice Shoshana Netanyahu

Articles (partial list)

Articles in Hebrew

Book Reviews

  • The Global Limits of Competition Law, by Ioannis Lianos and Daniel Sokol eds. (Stanford Law Books, 2011), 39(1) World Competition- Law and Economics Review 18-9 (2016).
  • International Competition Law, by Maher Dabbah (Cambridge University Press, 2010), World Competition- Law and Economics Review (June 2011), 2 pages.
  • Global Competition, by David Gerber (Oxford University Press, 2009) in World Competition – Law and Economics Review (March 2011), 2 pages.
  • Global Competition, by David Gerber (Oxford University Press, 2009) in Antitrust and Competition Policy Blog (August 2010).
  • Book Review of Competition Law: Safeguarding the Consumer Interest, by Eugene Buttigieg (Wolters Kluwer, 2009) World Competition- Law and Economics Review (June 2010) (2010)
  • Book review of An Introductory Guide to EC Competition Law and Practice, by Valentine Korah (Hart Publishing, 2007) World Competition- Law and Economics Review (June 2008) (2008)
  • Book review of Competition Law and Policy in the Middle East, by Maher Dabbah (Cambridge University Press, 2007) World Competition- Law and Economics Review (September 2007) (2007)

Books

Edited Books
  • Michal S. Gal and Menachem Perlman eds., The Law and Economics of the Israeli Competition Law, Nevo, 2008 , Volume 1, 549 pages (Hebrew).
  • Mor Bakhoum, Josef Drexl, Michal S. Gal, David Gerber, Eleanor Fox eds., Competition Policy and Regional Integration in Developing Countries, Edward Elgar, 2012, 352 pages.
  • Mor Bakhoum, Michal S. Gal, Josef Drexl, David Gerber, Eleanor Fox eds.,The Unique Economic Challenges of Developing Economies and their Implications for Competition Law, forthcoming Edward Elgar, 2015.
  • Bjorn Lundquist and Michal Gal, Competition law in the Digital World (forthcoming, Edgar Elgar, 2019).
  • Co-editor Journal of Competition Law Enforcement Special Issue on Competition law in the Digital World (2018).

Chapters In Books

  • Michal S. Gal, “Is bounded rationality in entry decisions necessarily bad for social welfare?” in Entrepreneurship and Antitrust, chapter 4 (AAI, 2017)(same as article with similar name).
  • Michal S. Gal, “Competition and Innovation in the Digital Economy” in Big Data, Sharing Economic and Innovation (Valeria Falce ed., 2016).
  • Michal S. Gal, “The Social Contract at the basis of Competition Law: Should we recalibrate competition Law to limit inequality?” in Competition Policy: between Equity and Efficiency (Lianos and Gerard eds., Cambridge University Press, 2017).
    Reprinted (in shorter form) in CPI- Competition Chronicle (Dec. 2019).
  • Thomas Cheng and Michal S. Gal, Superior Bargaining Position Regulation: Dealing with Aggregate Concentration Concerns in Abuse of Dominance (Nihoul et al. eds., Edward Elgar, 2017).
  • Mor Bakhoum and Michal S. Gal, “Introduction” in The Unique Characteristics of Developing Jurisdictions and Their Effects on Competition Law (Bakhoum et al eds., Edward Elgar, 2015), pp. 1-12.
  • Tamar Indig and Michal S. Gal, “Lifting the Veil: Rethinking the classification of Developing Economies for Competition Law and Policy” in The Unique Characteristics of Developing Jurisdictions and Their Effects on Competition Law (Bakhoum et al eds., Edward Elgar, 2015).
  • Michal Gal and Eleanor Fox, “Drafting Competition Laws for Developing Economies: Learning from Experience” in The Unique Characteristics of Developing Jurisdictions and Their Effects on Competition Law (Bakhoum et al eds., Edward Elgar, 2015).
  • Tamar Indig and Michal S. Gal, “New Powers – New vulnerability? A critical analysis of market inquiries” in Competition Law as Regulation 89 (DiPorto and Drexl eds, Edgar Elgar) (2015)
  • Regional Agreements of Developing Jurisdictions: Unleashing the Potential (with Inbal Wassmer-Faibish), Regional Competition Law Agreements (Bakhum, Drexl, Gal, Gerber, Fox eds., Edgar Elgar, 2012) (2012)
  • International Antitrust solutions: Discrete Steps or Causally Linked? More Common Ground For International Competition Law? (Josef Drexl et al., ed., Edgar Elgar, 2011) (2011)
  • “Antitrust Pluralism and Justice” with Eran Fish, in The Goals of Antitrust (Josef Drexl and Daniel Zimmer eds., Edgar Elgar, 2011) (2011)
  • “International Antitrust solutions: Discrete Steps or Causally Linked?” in International Antitrust (Josef Drexl ed., Edgar Elgar, 2010) (2010)
  • “Private Enforcement in Israel” with Niv Zecler and Yariv Ilan, in Bert Foer and Jonathan Cuneo, (ed.) Handbook on Private Enforcement (Edward Elgar, 2010) (2010)
  • “Antitrust in a Globalized Economy- The Unique Enforcement Challenges Faced by a Small Economy (Israel)” in Andrew Guzman (ed.) Cooperation, Comity, and Competition Policy (Oxford University Press, 2010) (2010)
  • Extraterritorial Application of Antitrust – The case of a Small Economy (Israel) Cooperation, Comity, and Competition Policy (Andrew Guzman ed., Oxford University Press) (2009)
  • “Restrictive Agreements and Unilateral Restraints” In Economic Theory and Competition Law (Josef Drexl ed., Edgar Elgar, 2007) (2007)
  • “Competition Law in Micro-Economies: The Case of Barbados” in Competition Policy Perspectives (P.Satyanarayana Prasad ed., ICFAI Law Books, 2007) (2007)
  • “Israeli Competition Law” Michal s. Gal and Amir Israeli, World Competition Report, CUTS (2005)
  • The Ecology of Antitrust: Preconditions for antitrust Enforcement in Developing Countries“, in Competition, Competitiveness and Development: Lessons from Developing Countries 22 (2004)
  • “Reality Bits (or Bites): The Political Economy of Competition Policy in Small Economies” Barry Hawk, ed., Juris. Publishing, 12 pages,International Antitrust Law and Policy 605 (2002)
  • “Current Issues in the Deregulation of the Ontario Electricity and Natural Gas Industrie” Melbourne: Centre for Corporate Law and Securities Regulation, University of Melbourne, 54 pages, in Megan Richardson (ed.), Deregulation of Public Utilities: Current Issues and Perspectives (1996)
  • “Traditional Natural Monopolies in Transition: The Comparative Roles of Structural Changes, Competition Policy and Economic Regulation in Preventing the Leveraging of Monopoly Power in Network Industries” Juris Publishing, Michal S. Gal and Michael J. Trebilcock, 40 pages, in James Musgrove (ed.) Competition Law for the 21st Century (1998)

You can also meet me at: